Guohe Zheng
Professor of Japanese

"Tell me and I forget. Teach me and I remember. Involve me and I learn."
--Benjamin Franklin

Modern Languages and Classics   Ball State University



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     2013 Summer@JAPANESE ANIME

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Japanese 101/102

Japanese 201/202

Japanese 301/302



Japanese 403 Advanced Reading and Writing Japanese 401 Literature Japanese 304 Composition


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Last updated: August. 1W, 201Q

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From: Japanese Teachers and Instructional Technology [] On Behalf Of Makoto Hara
Sent: 2014
N218 20:45
Subject: [Gengo] JA>EN translation opportunity for students

Dear Members of Japanese Teachers and Instructional Technology
My name is Makoto, and I am a translator acquisition officer at Gengo, a US and Tokyo-based online translation company.

We are currently looking for Japanese to English translators to join our worldwide team.

We believe that the translator position at Gengo could be a useful learning resource, and I would like to invite your students to become Gengo translators.

Translation materials range from a love letter to a business report. The job is remote, and translators will have full control over when they want to work.

The only prerequisites are (1) creating a translator account here; (2) passing the Japanese to English translation test; and (3) holding valid working visa.

Please see here for more information, and I would be grateful if you could share the attached flyer with students.

Thank you for your time and consideration,

Makoto HARA
Translator acquisition officer, Gengo
Tel.: 0081-3-6450-5218

Lecture Notes on Essence of the Novel, 1885, by Tsubouchi Shôyô (1859-1935)

a.          Glorious tradition of Japanese literature, novel

Period of Japanese History:
Courtly Tradition: Classical Japan (538-1185)
Samurai Tradition:
    Medieval Japan (1185-1600)
Merchant Tradition:
    Edo Japan (1603-1867)
Empire of Japan (1868-1945)
Postwar Japan (1945-)


Tale of Genji, Literature on Aristocratic life

Tale of Heikei, Literature on samurai and their wars

Saikaku, Literature on Merchants

 From ancient times to 1868.

b.    Problems of today (mid-Meiji period): Deplorable

Cause of the problem:

          --Writers guiding principle: to express the approved moral sentiments—the novelfs chief function is the castigation of the vice and encouragement of the virtue. Erect a framework of morality into which they attempt to force their plots. Slaves of public farce pandering to the tastes of the time

          --Readers indiscriminate. Literature, instrument of education. Long tradition in Japan: Novel's chief function is the castigation of vice and the encouragement of virtue. Kanzenchoaku.

c.     Prediction: "By dint of steady planning from now on for the improvement of our novels we may finally be able to surpass in quality the European novels, and permit our novels to take a glorious place along with painting, music, and poetry on the altar of the arts."

Hichichi Ichiyo:,+japanese+money&client=firefox-a&hs=Jh7&rls=org.mozilla:en-US:official&channel=sb&tbm=isch&tbo=u&source=univ&sa=X&ei=0EwPVOSVEon8ygOTqIHwDA&ved=0CB8QsAQ&biw=840&bih=591
Mori Ogai:
Shimazaki Toson:

Japanese 401


The Broken Commandment

Different Approaches to the Novel

I.                    Important Terms

  1. Naturalism
  2. Giri and Ninjo
  3. Burakumin


II.                 Outline of the Story


1.      Decided to move to Rengeji due to an unpleasant incident (discrimination against Burakumin)

2.      Payday, moving

3.      Ginnosuke's visit with Bunpei to Rengeji

4.      Autumn harvest and pathetic story of Keinoshin's family

5.      Talk with Keinoshin at local restaurant

6.      November 3, celebration of Emperor's birthday, principal's plot to roust Ushimatsu

7.      Guard duty at school, hallucination of Father's voice from distance

8.      Going home in Nezu to Father's funeral, unexpected meeting with Takayanagi, Inoko and Ichimura. Cause of father's death, vigil, cattle pen

9.      Meeting Inoko again, Rokuzaemon and Takayanagi's motivation in marrying a Burakumin girl

10.  Birth father and spirit father, To tell or not to tell?

11.  Returning to Iiyama, encounter Takayanagi again with his bride on the boat

13. Takayanagi's visit to Ushimatsu after the latter's return to Iiyama. Takayanagi's offer of a deal about their secrets;  Ushimatsufs betrayal of Rentaro

14. Rumors about Ushimatsu's burakumin status spread by Takayanagi in the town, and Ushimatsu's selling his books      

15. The real priest at Rengeji,  his disease and O-Shio

16. Rumors at school

17. At Seseya Eating House with Keinoshin again. Keinoshin's family trouble.

18. O-Shio's suffering at the temple.

19. Ushimatsu returns to Rengeji Temple. Writing a letter for wife of priest about her intension to devoice the priest. History of Priest's sickness.

20. Rumor in town, Ushimatsu confront Bunpei on id problem.

21. Second guard duty day with Ginnosuke, his best friend.

22. Rentaro comes to town to deliver compaign speech against Takayanagi, and visit Ushimatsu in his absence.

23. Ushimatsu anxious to tell Rentaro about his secret. Rentaro's murder by Takayanagi's thugs.

24. Stimulated by Rentaro's death, Ushimatsu decides to break the commendment and resigns his job.

25. Confession to his students, fellow teachers and to O-Shio.

26. Ginnosuke, in trying to help his friend, talks to O-Shio who shows sympathy and courage to defy the discrimination of society.

27. Ohinata's plan to open farm in Texas and to hire Ushimatsu

28. Rentaro's window's plan to bring O-Shio to Tokyo and arrange a wedding for Ushimasu.

 Worksheet Questions #3

Ch. 1.

What unpleasant incident leads to Ushimatsufs sudden decision to move to Rengeji?

What commandment was Ushimatsu told to observe by his father?

What book does he buy with the money he has left for the month?

 Ch. 2.

What is the school principalfs philosophe of education? P. 14

What is the relationship between Ushimatsu, Bunpei, and the principal? Pp. 17-18

 Ch. 3.

What is the background of Inoko Rentaro? Pp. 35-36

Whatfs Ushimatsufs attitude towards discrimination against Rentaro? And the action he decides to take about his secret to Rentaro?

 Ch. 4.

What is the make-up of Keinoshinfs family? Pp. 40-42

What is Keinoshinfs background? How does it inform us of the changes of former samurais in that period?

Ch. 5.

What holiday is November 3 every year at the time? P. 53

What is the theme of the principalfs speech at the imperial birthday ceremony? P. 55

Who is Takayanagi? P. 55

What plot are the principal and Bunpei are planning after the tea party? Pp. 57-59

 Ch. 6.

What hallucination does Ushimatsu have when on guard duty with Ginnosuke? Pp. 61-63

 Ch. 7.

Who (2 of them) does Ushimatsu see unexpectedly on his way to his fatherfs funeral? The purposes of the journey of the two? Pp. 70-76

How did Ushimatsufs father die? What are his dying words? Pp. 78-80

 Ch. 8.

What is the ancient custom that eta had to observe when receiving non-eta visitors? P. 87

Who is Rokuzaemon? His relation to Takayanagi? Pp. 93-95


Worksheet Questions #4 of 10,  The  Broken Commandment pp. 95-201


Please answer the following questions briefly and to the point IN A NEW LINE. It is recommended that you read through all the questions before answering them.

 Ch. 9.

What does Ushimatsu decide to do but fails to? Pp. 98-104

What motivates Takayanagi into marrying Rokuzaemonfs daughter? Pp. 101-103

 Ch. 10.

Ushimatsu regards Inoko Rentaro as his spiritual father (p. 106). What are the different ways his biological father and his spiritual father react to the world? P. 113

 Ch. 11.
what does Rentaro say that Takayanagi will do to win the election? P. 118

 Ch. 12.

What gdark secreth of Takayanagi does Ushimatsu discover on his way back to school in Iiyama? Pp. 126-127

 Ch. 13.

What is Takayanagifs motivation in becoming a politician? P. 141
What is Takayanagifs purpose in visiting Ushimatsu in Rengeji? Does he achieve his purpose? Pp. 134-138

How many times does Ushimatsu deny his relationship with Rentaro? What does this remind you of from Western tradition? Pp. 140-143

 Ch. 14.

What secret does Bunpei reveal to the principal? And the source of the secret? Pp. 143-144, Pp. 146-148

 Ch. 15.

What is the reaction of O-Shio to the priestfs sermon? Pp. 159-160

 Ch. 16.

What rumor does Bunpei tell Ginnosuke and Ushimatsu?  Pp. 165-167

What does Ushimatsu do after hearing the rumor? Pp. 168-170

What is the ordeal that O-Shio has been going through at Rengeji? Pp. 174-178

 Ch. 17.

Who is Otosaku? Why have he and  his wife (and brother) helping Keinoshifs family? What does this inform us of the social changes and the residues of a former time? Pp. 39-40, Pp. 176-178, Pp, 180-183.

What is Ushimatsufs (by extension the authorfs) attitude towards the landlord?  Pp. 180-183

Ch. 18.

What is the disease of the priest at Rengeji? Pp. 185-189

What does Takayanagi tell the town council member? What does the council member tell others subsequently? Pp. 190-192

When questioned about Ushimatsufs melancholy, what does Gennosuke offer as the reason? P.196; P. 198

What is Bunpeifs view of Inoko Rentaro and the burakumin? Pp. 197-201

Ch. 19.
Ushimatsu has another dream in his second guard duty. What is he scared of in the dream? Pp. 202-203

When Ushimatsu learns that Rentaro tried to visit Ushimatsu at Rengeji when he was out, why he hesitates to visit Rentaro? P. 206

Ushimatsu admits to Ginnosuke that there is a girl in his life (partially) responsible for his melancholy. But what does he say has happened to the girl? Pp. 204-205

Why does O-Shio leave Rengeji and returns to her fatherfs home? P. 207-208

 Ch. 20.

What is Takayanagifs skeleton in the closet that Rentaro exposed in his speech at Hofukuji? P. 214

What does Takayanagi responds to the exposure? Pp. 214-215

What is gthe new worldh that the death of Rentaro takes Ushimatsu to by the hand? Pp. 218-219

 Ch. 21.

What is the opening line of Rentarofs book Confession? What does Ushimatsu decide to do for which he says gFather, forgive me!h P. 220

What happens to Takayanagi? Pp. 220-221

What is the first lesson that Ushimatsu teach on his last day as a teacher? P. 223

What is the common element that the councilor point out between Ushimatsu and Takayanagi? Pp. 226-227

What is the punishment decided on Ushimatsu for the discovery that is a burakumin? And his own reactions? P. 227, P, 232

What is the reaction of his students upon hearing that Ushimatsu will be removed form teaching? And the principalfs words to the students? Pp. 231-232

 Ch. 22.

Who is Otosaku? Why is he helping Keinoshinfs family? What does this inform us of about Japanfs samurai tradition? P. 234, P. 244

What is O-Shiofs reaction when she heard Ushimatsufs secret, as confirmed by Ginnosuke?  P. 236, P. 238

 Ch. 23.

Who is Ohinata? What project is he launching?

How does that project affect Ushimatsu and O-Shio?

What makes the principal say the things he said to the students who come to say goodbye to their teacher?